A Comprehensive Study on facts of the Vietnam
|Common Myths Dispelled: |
Myth: Common Belief is that most Vietnam veterans were drafted.
Fact: 2/3 of the men who served in Vietnam
were volunteers. 2/3 of the men who served in World War II were drafted. Approximately 70% of those killed in Vietnam
The media have reported that suicides among Vietnam veterans range from 50,000 to 100,000 - 6 to 11 times the non-Vietnam veteran population.
Fact: Mortality studies
show that 9,000 is a better estimate. “The CDC Vietnam Experience Study Mortality Assessment showed that during the
first 5 years after discharge, deaths from suicide were 1.7 times more likely among Vietnam
veterans than non-Vietnam veterans. After that initial post-service period, Vietnam veterans
were no more likely to die from suicide than non-Vietnam veterans. In fact, after the 5-year post-service period, the rate
of suicides is less in the Vietnam veterans’ group.
Myth: Common belief is that a disproportionate number of blacks were killed
in the Vietnam War.
Fact: 86% of the men who died in Vietnam were Caucasians,
12.5% were black, 1.2% were other races. Sociologists Charles C. Moskos and John Sibley Butler, in their recently published
book “All That We Can Be,” said they analyzed the claim that blacks were used like cannon fodder during Vietnam
”and can report definitely that this charge is untrue. Black fatalities amounted to 12 percent of all Americans killed
in Southeast Asia - a figure proportional to the number of blacks in the U.S. population at the time and slightly lower than
the proportion of blacks in the Army at the close of the war.”
Myth: Common belief is that the war was fought largely by the poor and uneducated.
Fact: Servicemen who went to Vietnam from well-to-do areas had a
slightly elevated risk of dying because they were more likely to be pilots or infantry officers. Vietnam Veterans were the best educated forces our nation had ever sent into combat. 79% had a high school
education or better.
Here are statistics from the Combat Area Casualty File (CACF) as of November 1993. The CACF
is the basis for the Vietnam Veterans Memorial (The Wall): Average age of 58,148 killed in Vietnam was 23.11 years. (Although 58,169 names are in the Nov. 93 database, only 58,148 have both event date
and birth date. Event date is used instead of declared dead date for some of those who were listed as missing in action)
Deaths - Average Age
Total: 58,148 23.11 years
Enlisted: 50,274 22.37 years
Officers: 6,598 28.43 years
Warrants: 1,276 24.73 years
E1: 525 20.34 years
11B MOS: 18,465 22.55 years
Myth: The common belief
is the average age of an infantryman fighting in Vietnam was 19.
Fact: Assuming KIAs accurately represented age groups
serving in Vietnam, the average age of an infantryman (MOS 11B) serving in Vietnam to be 19 years old is a myth, it is actually
22. None of the enlisted grades have an average age of less than 20. The average man who fought in World War II was 26 years
The Common belief is that the domino theory was proved false.
Fact: The domino theory was accurate. The ASEAN (Association
of Southeast Asian Nations) countries, Philippines, Indonesia, Malaysia, Singapore and Thailand stayed free of Communism because of the U.S. commitment
to Vietnam. The Indonesians threw the Soviets out in 1966 because of America’s
commitment in Vietnam. Without that commitment, Communism would have swept all the way to the Malacca
Straits that is south of Singapore and of great strategic importance to the free world. If you ask people who live
in these countries that won the war in Vietnam, they have a different opinion from the American news media. The
Vietnam War was the turning point for Communism.
Myth: The common belief is that the fighting in Vietnam was not as intense as in World War II.
Fact: The average infantryman in the South Pacific
during World War II saw about 40 days of combat in four years. The average infantryman in Vietnam
saw about 240 days of combat in one year thanks to the mobility of the helicopter. One out of every 10 Americans who served
in Vietnam was a casualty. 58,148 were killed and 304,000 wounded out of 2.7 million who served.
Although the percent that died is similar to other wars, amputations or crippling wounds were 300 percent higher than in World
War II ....75,000 Vietnam veterans are severely disabled. MEDEVAC helicopters flew nearly 500,000 missions.
Over 900,000 patients were airlifted (nearly half were American). The average time lapse between wounding to hospitalization
was less than one hour. As a result, less than one percent of all Americans wounded, who survived the first 24 hours, died.
The helicopter provided unprecedented mobility. Without the helicopter it would have taken three times as many troops to secure
the 800 mile border with Cambodia and Laos (the politicians thought the Geneva Conventions
of 1954 and the Geneva Accords or 1962 would secure the border).
Myth: Kim Phuc, the little nine year old Vietnamese girl
running naked from the napalm strike near Trang Bang on 8 June 1972.....shown a million times on American television....was
burned by Americans bombing Trang Bang.
Fact: No American had involvement in this incident near Trang Bang that burned
Phan Thi Kim Phuc. The planes doing the bombing near the village were VNAF (Vietnam Air Force)
and were being flown by Vietnamese pilots in support of South Vietnamese troops on the ground. The Vietnamese pilot who dropped
the napalm in error is currently living in the United
States. Even the AP
photographer, Nick Ut, who took the picture, was Vietnamese. The incident in the photo took place on the second day of a three
day battle between the North Vietnamese Army (NVA) who occupied the village of Trang Bang and the ARVN (Army of the Republic
of Vietnam) who were trying to force the NVA out of the village. Recent reports in the news media that an American commander
ordered the air strike that burned Kim Phuc are incorrect. There were no Americans involved in any capacity. “We (Americans)
had nothing to do with controlling VNAF,” according to Lieutenant General (Ret) James F. Hollingsworth, the Commanding
General of TRAC at that time. Also, it has been incorrectly reported that two of Kim Phuc’s brothers were killed in
this incident. They were Kim’s cousins not her brothers.
Myth: The United States lost the war in Vietnam.
Fact: The American military was not defeated in Vietnam.
The American military did not lose a battle of any consequence. From a military standpoint, it was almost an unprecedented
performance. General Westmoreland quoting Douglas Pike, a professor at the University of California, Berkley a major military defeat for the VC and NVA.
THE UNITED STATES DID NOT LOSE THE WAR IN VIETNAM, THE SOUTH VIETNAMESE DID.
The fall of Saigon happened 30 April 1975, two years AFTER the
American military left Vietnam. The last American troops departed in their entirety 29 March 1973.
we lose a war we had already stopped fighting? We fought to an agreed stalemate. The peace settlement was signed in Paris on 27 January
1973. It called for release of all U.S.
prisoners, withdrawal of U.S. forces, limitation of both sides’ forces inside South Vietnam and a commitment to peaceful reunification. The 140,000 evacuees in April 1975 during the fall of Saigon
consisted almost entirely of civilians and Vietnamese military, NOT American military running for their lives. There were
almost twice as many casualties in Southeast
Asia (primarily Cambodia) the first two years after the fall of Saigon in 1975 then there were during the ten years the U.S.
was involved in Vietnam. Thanks for the perceived loss and the countless assassinations and torture visited
upon Vietnamese, Laotians, and Cambodians goes mainly to the American media and their undying support-by-misrepresentation
of the anti-War movement in the United States.
As with much of the Vietnam War, the news media misreported and misinterpreted the 1968 Tet Offensive.
It was reported as an overwhelming success for the Communist forces and a decided defeat for the U.S. forces.
Nothing could be further from the truth. Despite initial victories by the Communists
forces, the Tet Offensive resulted in a major defeat of those forces. General Vo Nguyen Giap, the designer of the Tet Offensive,
is considered by some as ranking with Wellington, Grant, Lee and MacArthur as a great commander. Still, militarily, the Tet Offensive
was a total defeat of the Communist forces on all fronts. It resulted in the death of some 45,000 NVA troops and the complete,
if not total destruction of the Viet Cong elements in South Vietnam.
The Organization of the Viet Cong Units in the South never recovered. The Tet Offensive succeeded on only one front and that
was the News front and the political arena. This was another example in the Vietnam War of an inaccuracy becoming the perceived
truth. However inaccurately reported, the News Media made the Tet Offensive famous.
Please give all credit and
research to CPT. Marshal Hanson, U.S.N.R (Ret.)
CPT. Scott Beaton, Statistical Source
Myths of the Vietnam War|
(click here) A Conference,
under the auspices of The RADIX Foundation,
which took place at Simmons College,
300 The Fenway, Boston MA, 26-29 July 2004
is a sample video list taken from the above listed website.
This is a comprehensive study that was performed producing
amount of valuable information on Vietnam. Go to the home page above
to find video links to the below topics.
Of particular note is the section on
B.G. Burkett, who is Co-Author of Stolen Valor, an excellent eye opener
for those interested. Click on the Real Vietnam Veteran below to see it.